Canada PR visa

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Canadian Permanent Residency (PR): Everything you need to know

A Canada PR Visa grants permanent resident status to non-Canadians. It permits them to stay, study or work for an indefinite period in the country. They can access benefits like healthcare, education and protection as per the Canadian law. A Canada PR paves the way for obtaining citizenship in the country.

 

What is Canadian Permanent Residency?

A Canadian PR Visa is a pathway towards permanent resident status in the country. Canada PR is valid for a period of 5 years. One can remain in the country and either work or study without any limitations. The Canada PR can also lead to Canadian Citizenship upon satisfying the required eligibility.

 

Dos and Don’ts of a Canada PR

The dos and don’ts of a Canada PR are listed in the following table:

Dos Don’ts
Access social benefits like healthcare just like Canadian citizens Are not eligible to vote or run for office
Can remain, study or work in any province in Canada

Cannot hold government positions that require a high-level of security clearance

Can apply for Canadian Citizenship upon eligibility
Are legally protected under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the Canadian law

 

Importance and Benefits of Obtaining Canadian PR

The Canadian government offers many benefits for eligible candidates applying for a Canada PR. The Canada PR has two different types of benefits as follows:

  • Standard Benefits
  • Emotional and Personal Benefits

 

Standard Benefits

The standard benefits that a Canada PR offers to eligible candidates are listed below:

  • Access universal healthcare: One can access universal healthcare provided by the Canadian government with a Canada PR. This implies that medical prescriptions are paid for through taxes. A Canadian permanent resident also has the chance to apply for public health insurance.
  • Avail free education: The children of Canada PR holders can avail free education in the country till 8 years of age. The PR holders can pay a lower fee than other students overseas.
  • Right to work in any Canadian Province: A Canadian PR holder can migrate to any province in Canada. One can have high wages, a sense of cultural hospitality, minimum working hours, and good career prospects in the country.
  • Sponsorship of family: You can sponsor eligible family members such as parents, spouses, and children with a Canada PR.
  • Get additional social benefits: After an individual receives a Confirmation of Permanent Residency, they will get an SIN number. The SIN is a 9-digit number that the Canadian government uses to identify you. You can use the SIN number for the following:
    • Pay taxes for the government
    • Access Employment Insurance
    • Avail Canada Pension Plan
  • Extension/ Renewal of the visa: A Canada PR has a valid duration of 5 years. Canadian permanent residents can renew their visas as many times as required. It is mandatory to provide the consulate officer with a valid reason to extend your stay in the country.
  • Path to Canadian Citizenship: Anyone with a Canada PR can stay in the country for a period of 5 years. Then, one can apply for Canadian Citizenship after physically living in the country for around 1,095 days or 3 years. Canadian Citizenship allows one to get a passport of the country; this is a respected travel document. It permits you to explore many eligible countries without needing a visitor visa.

 

Emotional and Personal Benefits

The emotional and personal benefits eligible candidates can avail are mentioned below:

  • Live in a safe & secure environment: Canada is renowned as the safest country for travellers for 2024, as per the report. The country has a safe and secure environment for immigrants with a Canada PR. Everyone who comes under the Canadian Charter 6 is protected by the Canadian authorities and government.
  • Have a high quality of living: Canada is a bright and vibrant country with an expanding economy, many geographically aesthetic places, and a culturally diverse population. The country is home to many immigrants and is popular for the many benefits it offers, like accessible healthcare, free education, high incomes, and more. One can enjoy and avail these benefits with a Canada PR.
  • Freedom to stay or move to any place in Canada: The permanent residents in Canada can freely travel in and out of Canada multiple times as required. If interested, you can move to a different province and look for employment opportunities in the country.
  • Right to start a business: Canadian PR holders are also known as landed migrants. A landed migrant is an individual with a permanent resident status but has not acquired citizenship. Permanent residents in Canada are eligible to start a new business after migrating to the country. The country's prominent industries currently include real estate, Automobile Manufacturing, Tourism, IT, and Hospitality. You can either establish a new business with a partner, proprietorship, or with a business entity, or you can invest in a new franchise.

 

Step-by-step application process for Canada PR

Eligible candidates from the UK interested in applying for a Canada PR must satisfy all the mandatory eligibility criteria and requirements. Then, you have to make and apply an application for a Canada PR Visa as per the following steps:

Step 1: Appear for the approved English Language exams like IELTS or CELPIP and the required scores before initiating the application process. If applicable, you must appear for the French language test too.

Step 2: Select a suitable immigration program and submit an application meeting all the requirements.

Step 3: Attach the essential documents that are original and authentic. This can include transcripts of educational qualifications and proof of professional experience. The documents must be authenticated before submission.

Step 4: You are also required to provide evidence of sufficient funding for your stay in the country, as well as medical reports and character certificates from the official authorities.

Step 5: The documents will undergo a mandatory examination and also be verified by an immigration officer. You must be prepared to submit any additional information if necessary.

Step 6: After your Canada PR status is confirmed, you will receive a COPR (Confirmation of Permanent Residence) card.

Step 7: Get the Canada PR card and migrate to Canada.

 

Eligibility criteria for Canada PR

In order to apply for a Canada PR, the candidates must satisfy certain eligibility criteria and score minimum points in the Y-Axis Canada Immigration Points Grid. You must score at least 67 points in the following factors to be eligible for a Canada PR:

  • Factor 1: Age
  • Factor 2: Educational Qualification
  • Factor 3: Professional Work Experience
  • Factor 4: Language Proficiency
  • Factor 5: Arranged Employment in Canada [LMIA approved]
  • Factor 6: Adaptability

 

In-detail analysis of each factor

The in-detailed analysis of each factor is given below:

Factor 1: Age (Earn a maximum of 12 points)

You must be below 18 to 35 years old to earn a maximum of 12 points. If you are above 35, your points will tend to decrease, and the maximum age limit is 45 years of age.

Age of the Applicant

Points

18 – 35

12

36

11

37

10

38

9

39

8

40

7

41

6

42

5

43

4

44

3

45

2

46

1

47+

0

 

Factor 2: Educational Qualification (Earn a maximum of 25 points)

You must satisfy the educational qualification by having a relevant secondary education certification that is on par with Canadian standards. This will help you score maximum points.

Level of Education

Points

A PhD level certification

25

Master’s level certification or a professional degree

23

At least have 2 post- secondary credentials, one must be having a minimum 3 year period

22

A 3-year duration or more post-secondary certification

21

A minimum 2-year post-secondary certification

19

A 1-year of post-secondary certification

15

Secondary school education

5

 

Factor 3: Professional Work Experience (Earn a maximum of 15 points)

You can score up to 10 points for having relevant work experience. The points can be earned based on the number of years you worked in a full-time paid role. The work role must be for a minimum of 30 hours per week. You are eligible if you have worked an equal amount in a part-time role.

If your legal spouse is also applying for a PR and has satisfied the professional work requirements, you, as the primary applicant, can earn 5 additional points.

Work Experience

Points

1 year (Min. threshold)

9

2-3 years

11

4-5 years

13

6+

15

 

Factor 4: Language Proficiency (Earn a maximum of 28 points)

You must prove your language proficiency in English and French by appearing for approved language exams to gain more points. The exams will assess your language skills in the following 4 sections:

  • Reading
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Listening

By qualifying for the exams, you can earn up to 28 points and have more chances to receive an ITA for a Canada PR.

*Want to ace your IELTS and PTE scores? Avail our Y-Axis Coaching services. 

Proficiency Level Points
Official Language 1
Speaking/Listening/
Reading/Writing
Intermediate IELTS
6.0/6.0/6.0/6.0
4
Speaking/Listening/
Reading/Writing
High intermediate IELTS
6.5/7.5/6.5/6.5
5
Speaking/Listening/
Reading/Writing
Advanced IELTS
7.0/8.0/7.0/7.0
6
Speaking/Listening/
Reading/Writing
Spouse/partner’s
official language (CLB4) IELTS
4.0/4.5/3.5/4.0
5
Maximum 24
Official Language 2
Speaking/Listening/
Reading/ Writing
CLB/NCLC 5
in all abilities IELTS
5.0/5.0/4.0/5.0
4
Maximum 4

 

Factor 5: Arranged Employment in Canada (Earn a maximum of 10 points)

If you secure an employment offer in Canada for a duration of one year, then you can earn up to 10 points. You must receive an offer for a federal skilled worker visa before submitting an application.

The Applicant Conditions Points
Presently working in the country on an
LMIA-based work permit, and does skilled work (TEER 0, 1, or 2 and 3 levels)
· The work permit becomes valid after a Canada PR application is made*
· The Canadian employer has offered a permanent full- time skilled employment position to the applicant.
10
Presently working in the country on a LMIA-exempt work permit or on a
work permit that is issued under a
provincial/territorial agreement
· The work permit becomes valid after making and submitting an application for permanent residence*
· The employer in Canada has offered a permanent full-time skilled position to the applicant.
10
Does not have a valid work permit and has no authorisation to work in Canada · A Canadian employer has offered a full-time permanent position to the applicant;
· The employment offer has received a positive LMIA.
10
Has a valid work permit and is authorized to work in the country but is not under any of the above mentioned scenarios. · The authorization or the work permit
becomes valid after submitting a PR application;
· A Canadian employer has offered a full-time permanent skilled role to the applicant;
· The employment offer has gotten a
positive LMIA.
10
*The applicant is expected to have a valid work permit, during the issuance of a Canada PR Visa.

 

Factor 6: Adaptability (Earn a maximum of 25 points)

You can earn maximum points based on the following:

  • A past study in Canada
  • Past work experience in Canada
  • Relatives and family members residing in Canada
  • If you have a legal partner or spouse also applying for a Canada PR Visa and plans to move to Canada, you can earn up to 10 points under the adaptability factor.

Adaptability

Points

Have worked previously in Canada (for at least 1 year TEER 0, 1, 2, and 3)

10

Have studied previously in Canada

5

Previously studied in Canada accompanied by a legal spouse/partner

5

 Previously worked in Canada accompanied by a legal spouse/ partner

5

Received an employment offer in Canada

5

Have a family member or a relative in Canada who is at least 18 years or older

5

Have language ability of CLB 4 or above and accompanied by a legal spouse/partner with an IELTS score of 3.5/4.0/4.5.

5

 

Canadian Permanent Residency Requirements     

The requirements to apply for a Canada PR are mentioned below:

  • Age: Must be between 18 to 35 years
  • Education qualification: Have at least high school education qualification equivalent to Canadian education for maximum points
  • Language Proficiency: Be proficient in both English and French for additional points.
  • Work Experience: Have at least a year of work experience, and your occupation should be listed as either TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3. The occupation must be listed based on the following TEER factors:
  1. Training
  2. Education
  3. Experience
  4. Responsibilities
  • Adaptability: You can earn points based on the adaptability factor if your spouse is migrating to Canada with you
  • Arranged Employment: You can earn additional points, if you have a valid job offer from an employer in Canada employer
  • You can earn maximum points if you satisfy the requirements as given in the following table:

Factors

Points

Age

Maximum 12 points

Education

Maximum 25 points

Language Proficiency

Maximum 28 points (English or French)

Work Experience

Maximum 15 points

Adaptability

Maximum of 10 points

Arranged employment

Additional 10 points  (not mandatory)

 

How to maintain Canada PR status?

A Canada PR holder is required to satisfy residency requirements as set by the IRCC to maintain their Canada PR status. You must remain in the country for a period of 730 days over the last 5 years. Your stay in the country for around 730 days does not need to be consecutive. If you have a valid PR Card, then you have the freedom to enter and exit Canada at any time. However, there are three exceptions in relation to the mandatory residency requirement as follows:

  • You are sent to work out of the country by a Canadian employer and expected to return and continue working in Canada.
  • You are a dependent accompanying your legal spouse or parent who has been sent to pursue full-time work out of the country by a Canadian employer and is expected to return and continue working in Canada.
  • You are residing out of Canada with a legal spouse or a partner who is a Canadian citizen.

If you come under any of the following exceptions, then your time stayed out of the country will be calculated as time spent in Canada. This will help to maintain your permanent residence status in the country.

 

Travel and absence from Canada

A Canada PR holder is eligible to travel out of Canada for a period of 3 years out of a 5-year period. But, you have to prove to the immigration officers that you will satisfy the residency obligations without fail.

 

Understanding the Permanent Residence Card

After migrating to Canada on a PR visa, you have to apply for a Canada PR Card that acts as an identity document. The permanent residence card is a mandatory document to present while leaving and entering the country.

 

What is a Canada PR Card?

A Canada PR Card is a document of identification that is issued by the IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada), recognizing the permanent resident status of the candidate. The card includes the candidate's photograph and evidence of their PR status. A candidate can obtain a Canada PR Card after they have been issued a PR Visa and have arrived in Canada.

 

How to use the PR Card?

You can use the Canada PR Card as a travel document, and it must be presented to re-enter or exit the country by any means of transport (plane, bus, train, or boat).

 

Validity and renewal process

The Canada PR Card has a validity of 5 years; for certain exceptional cases, the PR Card may have a validity of a year. Canada PR holders can apply to extend or renew their PR Cards 6 to 9 months before the expiration date.

 

Differences between Canadian PR and Citizenship

The following table lists the differences between a Canada PR and Citizenship:

Feature

Canada PR

Canada Citizenship

Status

Recognized as a permanent resident

Recognized as a citizen of Canada

Passport

Must have a valid passport from your home country

Will receive a Canadian passport

Obligation of Residency

Have to reside in Canada for a period of 730 days in 5 years

There is no requirement of satisfying any residency obligation

Right to Vote

No right to vote in any municipal, federal or provincial elections

Eligible to vote in municipal, federal and any provincial elections

Political Office

Not eligible to run or hold a political office

Eligible to hold political office

Job Restrictions

Cannot work for jobs that have a high-level security clearance

Eligible to work in all jobs even those that have a high security clearance

Jury Duty

Cannot serve a jury duty

Can serve a jury duty

Deportation

If one commits any serious crime or a violates PR rules, there is a risk of deportation

As citizenship is for life, one cannot be deported. Except in cases of obtaining citizenship by fraud

Travel Rights

Have the freedom to travel in and out of Canada, but may require travel visas for other countries

Allowed to travel to many countries without the requirement of a visa due to a Canadian passport

Family Sponsorship

Upon meeting eligibility, can sponsor family members to come to Canada

Eligible to sponsor family members but also can pass the right citizenship to children born out of Canada

International Mobility

Your travel may be restricted based on the valid home country passport

Have more freedom to travel to other countries

Access to Social Benefits

Can access many social benefits like healthcare, free education and others

Can access all social benefits like healthcare, tax rebates and more similar to citizens

Eligibility for Citizenship

Satisfy certain residency obligation and other criteria to be eligible for citizenship

No additional application is necessary as you are already a citizen

Status Renewal

It is mandatory to renew your PR card every 5 years

There is no requirement to renew as citizenship is for life

 

Permanent Residence Card Renewal

A Permanent Residence Card is a mandatory document for identity proof and travel. You must update, extend, or renew a card before its expiration.

 

When to renew your Canada PR Card?

You can renew your Canada PR if:

  • The PR Card will expire in less than 9 months or has already expired
  • The PR Card has already expired
  • The PR Card is stolen, destroyed, or lost, and you wish to replace it
  • You have not received the card within 180 days of migrating to Canada
  • You are required to update your Canada PR Card if
    • You have to legally change your name
    • You have to change your citizenship
    • You have to change your designated gender
    • You want to correct the date of birth

 

What are the requirements to renew a Canada PR Card?

The candidate must meet the following requirements to renew a Canada PR Card:

  • A fee receipt regarding the amount paid for the online application
  • Evidence of satisfying the residency obligation for the last 5 years
  • Copy of your recent valid passport
  • An identity certificate photocopy that was issued in Canada
  • Provide additional documents like:
    • Proof of permanent residency
    • Valid student ID or a driver’s licence
    • Photocopy of the income tax returns
    • Birth certificate if you are under 18 years of age

 

What is the process for renewing a Canada PR Card?

The process to renew a Canada PR Card is mentioned below:

Step 1: Make a new application on the official site

Step 2: Fill in the forms with the necessary information

Step 3: Pay the application fees online

Step 4: Submit your application online

 

What is a Permanent Resident Travel Document (PRTD)?

Candidates without a valid PR card must apply for a Permanent Resident Travel Document (PRTD) to enter Canada. The candidate can use the PRTD for only a single entry and must apply for or renew their PR Card after migrating to Canada.

 

What is the purpose of a Permanent Resident Travel Document (PRTD)?

The purpose of a PRTD, or Permanent Residence Travel Document, is to allow Canadian permanent residents without a valid PR Card to enter the country. The PRTD is a temporary official document recognizing permanent status and proving their identity.

 

How to apply for a Permanent Resident Travel Document (PRTD)?

The steps to apply for a Permanent Resident Travel Document (PRTD) are mentioned below:

Step 1: Make an application through the official website

Step 2: Prepare the essential documents

Step 3: Pay the fees required for the application

Step 4: Submit the application and await status

 

Renouncing Permanent Resident Status

A Canada PR holder cannot lose their permanent resident status if their PR Card expires. They can lose their status if:

  • An immigration officer determines after an inquiry is made that they are no longer considered as a permanent resident or appeal for a PRTD following a rejection/refusal
  • A removal order is made against them
  • After obtaining Canadian Citizenship
  • If they voluntarily renounce their PR status

 

Reasons for renouncing PR status

Canada PR holders can renounce their PR in the below-mentioned situations:

  • Not satisfied residency obligations and resided out of Canada for a long time
  • To avoid any processing delays that are caused due to mandatory formal assessments of the PR statuses per visit.
  • Not interested in residing permanently in Canada
  • Want to get a permanent resident status or citizenship in a foreign country that requires renouncing Canada PR status
  • Want to accept an official position with another government

 

Process and Implications

The PR holders are required to submit an official application to voluntarily renounce their status as permanent residents in the country. The process to apply for voluntarily renouncing their permanent resident status is as follows:

Step 1: Make an application on the official site

Step 2: Gather the essential documentation

Step 3: Fill in the necessary details

Step 4: Pay the mentioned fees

Step 5: Submit an application

 

What are the implications after renouncing a Canada PR?

Canada PR holders can voluntarily choose to renounce their PR status. There are certain implications to renouncing a PR status, and it is as follows:

  • Cannot apply for Canadian Citizenship nor appeal regarding your decision to renounce your PR status
  • Not eligible to sponsor members of the family
  • Cannot access any health and social benefits the Canadian government provides to permanent residents. However, there are exceptions, and you may access certain benefits like the Old Age Security and the Canada Pension Plan.
  • If you renounce your PR status while living in Canada, you will be considered a temporary resident and allowed to live in the country for 6 months only.

 

How to Become a Canadian Permanent Resident?

You can become a Canadian Permanent Resident by selecting a pathway that fits your requirements. The lists of popular pathways that guide you in applying for a Canada PR are as follows:

  • Express Entry
  • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
  • Business Immigration
  • Family Sponsorship

 

Economic Immigration

Economic Immigration is the ability to contribute to the economy of Canada either as skilled workers, business owners, investors, or entrepreneurs. Canada has popular Economic Immigration Programs at the federal and provincial levels. These programs are classified into the following categories:

  • Immigrants sponsored by the family
  • Refugees
  • Other immigrants

 

Federal Pathways

The federal pathways are managed by the IRCC. The IRCC uses an application management system called the Express Entry via which they process and manage the applications submitted via the federal pathways, and they are as follows:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program
  • Canadian Experience Program
  • Business Immigration Program

 

Regional, Provincial, and Territorial Pathways

The provinces, regions, and territories of Canada have similar pathways. This is administered through the following:

  • Provincial Nominee Program
  • Québec Skilled Worker Program
  • The Atlantic Immigration Pilot

 

Express Entry

Express Entry is a popular immigration pathway that allows interested skilled workers from all over the world to migrate to Canada. The Express Entry is a points-based system that assesses candidates on the following factors:

  • Relevant skillset
  • Professional work experience
  • English and French Language ability
  • Educational qualifications

The candidates with the highest score are selected and issued an invitation to apply to apply for a PR.

The skilled immigrant workers must satisfy the mentioned points to be eligible for the Express Entry program:

  • Have a valid employment offer from a Canadian employer or have a nomination from a provincial/ territorial government
  • Minimum of 1 year of skilled professional work experience or 2 years of skilled trades experience
  • Be proficient in English and French
  • Satisfy the education requirements

The family members like legal spouses, children, parents or grandparents of the skilled workers can accompany to Canada upon meeting eligibility. Family members who do not satisfy the eligibility requirements must apply for a dependents visa after the skilled worker has migrated to Canada.

A foreign skilled worker can apply for permanent residency via any of the 4 immigration programs under Express Entry:

 

Federal Skilled Workers Program

The Federal Skilled Workers Program is for foreigners having 2 years of full-time work experience or professional experience in a skilled role that is listed in the country’s NOC (National Occupational Classification) list. You are required to satisfy the eligibility criteria to apply:

  • Be above 18 years and below 35 years of age
  • Have at least a secondary education qualification equivalent to the Canadian education system
  • Be proficient in English and French
  • Have sufficient work experience

 

Federal Skilled Trades Program

The Federal Skilled Trades Program is open to international citizens with 2 years of full-time work experience or professional work experience as a skilled tradesperson with a relevant occupation listed in Canada’s NOC (National Occupational Classification) list. You must meet the following eligibility criteria to receive an ITA:

  • Skilled trades professional work experience
  • Employment offer
  • Good English and French language skills

 

Canadian Experience Class

The Canadian Experience Class is sponsored by the government of Canada and is open to skilled immigrants who have worked for a period of 1 year in the country. The eligibility criteria are as follows:

  • To be employed in a full-time position
  • Have an intention to live out of Quebec province

 

Provincial Nominee Program

The Provincial Nominee Program is a prominent pathway that allows eligible candidates to migrate and live in their preferred provinces in Canada. The aim of the program is to retain skilled immigrants with relevant experience who can contribute to the economy of the province. The territories and provinces of Canada, like Saskatchewan, Alberta, Ontario, and others, nominate eligible candidates and issue an invitation to apply for permanent residency. Eligible candidates will be assessed on their:

  • Relevant work experience
  • English and French Language Proficiency
  • Education qualifications
  • Close ties to the preferred province

The candidates that receive an ITA can apply through two pathways:

  • Paper-based process
  • Express Entry

 

Business Immigration

You can select the Business Immigration Program if you are an experienced business person interested in establishing a business or investing in any existing business in Canada. It is mandatory to meet the eligibility regarding personal and stake of business ownership and have to invest a certain amount.

Eligible candidates will be assessed on the following:

  • Experience in establishing and operating a business smoothly
  • Commitment and intention to create employment for permanent residents and citizens of Canada and boost the economy.

The federal government of Canada provides the following immigration programs under the Business Immigration Program to cater to the needs of individuals:

  • Business Start-Up
  • Business Investor
  • Self-Employed

 

Business Start-Up

You can apply via the Business Start-Up category if you are interested in establishing a new business in the country. The eligibility criteria for this category are as follows:

  • Have a creative and innovative idea
  • Potential to create employment in the Canadian job market
  • Sufficient financial capability to support yourself and family members during the starting stages of your business

 

Business Investor

You can apply via the Business Investor category if you are willing to invest in any Canadian business. The eligibility criteria to qualify are as follows:

  • Have a net worth of CAD 2.0 million
  • Capable to invest around CAD 200,000 in any business in the Canada

 

Self-Employed

You can apply via the Self-Employed category if you are self-employed and interested to migrate to Canada. To qualify, you must have the following:

  • Sufficient work experience in a relevant field
  • Must be capable to contribute to the economy of the country
  • Financial capacity to support your family members and yourself during your stay in Canada

 

Family Immigration

Canada believes in the sense of family reunification and provides a pathway for already existing PR holders to sponsor family members to migrate to the country. There are various sponsorship programs that you can choose based on the requirement.

 

Sponsorship programs

The Sponsorship program allows you to apply if you have existing family members who are residents or citizens in Canada and are eligible to sponsor you for a PR. They must satisfy the following eligibility criteria to sponsor:

  • Must be at least above 18 years of age
  • Submit a proof of having a genuine relationship with you
  • Have the intention and the capacity to support you financially and cover basic expenses

 

Who can be sponsored for a Canada PR via the Family Immigration program?

You must belong to one of the following categories to be sponsored for a Canada PR via the Family Immigration program:

  • Legal spouse or common-law partner
  • Parent or Grandparent
  • Dependent Child (biological or adopted)
  • Child under 18 years of age that is going to be adopted
  • Orphaned brother, nephew, sister, niece, or grandchild under 18 years of age and unmarried

 

What are the popular Sponsorship Programs in Canada?

The popular sponsorship programs are as follows:

  • Spousal Sponsorship Canada
  • Child or Other Dependant Sponsorship
  • Parents' and Grandparents Sponsorship

 

Spousal Sponsorship Canada

The Spousal Sponsorship Program in the country allows Canadian permanent residents and citizens to sponsor their legal conjugal/common-law partners and spouses for permanent residency in the country. The aim of the program is to allow Canadian PR holders or citizens to reunite with their families and bring them to the country. One must satisfy the following criteria to be eligible to sponsor:

  • Be at least 18 years of age
  • Intention of living in Canada
  • Want to return to the country once your partner becomes a Canadian permanent resident
  • Willing to take care of the financial and other requirements of your partner for a period of 3 years
  • Must be related; you can demonstrate this by providing shared bank accounts and car insurance

 

What are the two main classes of the Spousal Sponsorship program?

The Spousal Sponsorship program consists of 2 main classes, and they are as follows:

  • Family Class (Outland) Sponsorship Class
  • In Canada Sponsorship Class

 

Child or Other Dependant Sponsorship

The Child or Other Dependent Sponsorship program allows Canadian PR holders or citizens to sponsor their child, who is less than 18 years of age, biological or adopted, to come to Canada. Children over 22 years will be considered dependent if they suffer from a mental or physical condition and cannot support themselves. The parents or guardians wishing to sponsor must qualify the following eligibility criteria:

  • Be a citizen or a permanent resident in Canada
  • Be a minimum 18 years of age
  • Must not have a prior criminal history
  • No history of being bankrupt

 

Parents' and Grandparents Sponsorship

The Parents and Grandparents (PGT) program allows sponsors to put forth intake-to-sponsor forms during certain intake periods. A random draw is conducted in which potential sponsors are chosen and invited to put forth an application for sponsorship. The sponsors must meet the following criteria to be eligible:

  • Be a minimum 18 years of age
  • If a permanent resident, then they must live in Canada
  • Satisfy the financial requirement that is needed to support grandparents/parents
  • Sign an agreement of sponsorship with the Canadian government declaring to
    • Financially support their family members (parents and grandparents)
    • Repay social service benefits the family members (parents or grandparents) received in the period of sponsorship

 

PR for Caregivers

The Permanent Residence for Caregivers is a program via which qualified internationals can migrate to Canada indefinitely. The eligibility criteria for this program are as follows:

  • 2 years of professional experience without any supervision in a field that includes caring for
    • Children
    • Special individuals requiring additional medical support
    • Elders residing in private homes
  • Meet certain language requirements
  • Qualify a medical examination

You can be a domestic or a foreign caregiver to apply for the PR for Caregivers program. The program permits one to bring members of family to the Canada via this program.

 

Humanitarian and compassionate grounds

You can apply for a Canada PR on Humanitarian and compassionate grounds if you can provide sufficient proof to the Canadian government that removing you from the country would create distress for you and your family due to certain situations beyond your influence.

 

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Frequently Asked Questions

Is Canada PR for 5 years?
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How many years does it take to get Canadian Citizenship from a PR?
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Can a PR holder in Canada sponsor their family?
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What is the best way to get Canada PR?
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