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Germany’s lack of one main production center is something of a problem. But the federal structure has had its benefits since, as with live-action production, the German states vie with each other to attract animation studios to locate to their region by providing attractive incentives. This is reflected in the seven leading animation studios for the production of features: Hahn Film and Cartoon Film Rothkirch are based in Berlin, TFC Trickompany and Animations studio Ludewig in Hamburg, Motion Works in Halle, and Trixter Film and Munich Animation Film in Munich.

Added to these players are the production companies active in the animation sector who do not have their own physical studio, ranging from Senator Film production and Greenlight Media through ndF neue Deutsche Filmgesellschaft and RTV Family Entertainment to Warner Bros. Not to mention the many small outfits dotted around the country who work primarily for television or advertising such as Toons ‘n’ Tales, Scopas Medien and Studio Film Bilder.

The German animation film studios also work in part as networks since they often don’t have the capacity for the production of a feature film. Moreover, there are components like 3D animation, which are only available in certain studios. Thus, The Little Polar Bear involved the cooperation of four German animation studios: Cartoon Film Rothkirch, Motion Works, Animations-Fabrik Hamburg, and Animations studio Ludewig. About three animation features have been produced in Germany each year since 1997. A volume of annually seven to ten German films could be well managed by the local cinema market and would also give the studios the possibility to hold on to their valuable creative personnel and occupy them on a continuous basis. Three films annually, however, are not enough to keep the existing studio capacities busy. All feature film producers are therefore also producers of TV series at the same time.